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Remarks On The Concept Of Freedom Of Navigation

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Chapter Summary

This section presents remarks given by Hasjim Djalal on the Concept of "Freedom of Navigation". Since the beginning of the 20th century, ocean issues have been dominated basically by the freedom of navigation. Coastal State sovereignty was limited to three miles from the coastline at that time. The end result for us is that this kind of freedom of navigation or freedom of the seas actually brought colonialism to Indonesia. In the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century, more and more states are claiming more jurisdiction and territorial sovereignty over the seas around their coastlines. One is of course the birth of the 12-mile principle around the early beginning of the century, followed by drastic measures by some countries in South America who even claim 200-mile territorial seas.

Keywords: coastal state sovereignty; freedom of navigation; Indonesia; ocean issues



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    Freedom of Seas, Passage Rights and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention — Recommend this title to your library
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