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The Genre Of 4qmmt

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Chapter Summary

Since the publication of DJD X the genre of 4QMMT has become a debated issue. In the first descriptions of Qimron and Strugnell, 4QMMT was defined as a letter, written by the leader of the Qumran community. Different genres have been proposed: a personal or private letter, a literary epistle which is a literary text making use of the formal features of the epistolary genre, or a treatise. Both the literary epistle and the treatise are difficult genres to define and distinguish with proper formal criteria; sometimes these genres even overlap. This chapter suggests that a close reading of the epilogue will shed new light on the purpose and setting of 4QMMT as a whole.

Keywords: 4QMMT; epistolary Genre; literary epistles; Qumran community



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