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Physis As Heimarmene: On Some Fundamental Principles Of The Neoplatonic Philosophy Of Nature

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Chapter Summary

Neoplatonists assumed the existence of an essential gap between cause and effect, a gap responsible for the asymmetrical relation between the two: the superior (i.e. the cause) can subsist and be thought of without the inferior (i.e. the effect), but the reverse does not hold. This chapter examines the intimate connection between Nature and Fate in Proclus and other Platonic philosophers. It draws light on some of the existing relations between Fate and Nature on the one hand, and Necessity or Providence on the other. The chapter examines the creative way in which Proclus remolds not only Platonic stances but also Aristotelian ones. Fate is presented here as Nature with some qualifications, which emphasize its divine essence; in other words, Fate is Nature in its proper divine manifestation. The chapter concludes with some general remarks on the Neoplatonic philosophy of nature.

Keywords: fate; Neoplatonic philosophy of nature; Platonic philosophers; Proclus



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