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The Divine Earth: Proclus On Timaeus 40 Bc

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Chapter Summary

The opposition between earth and heaven is often used as a metaphor, particularly in the Platonic tradition, to indicate the difference between the sensible and the intelligible world, where the soul may find its true destination. Timaeus describes human beings as plants grown not from the earth but from heaven. The seminal Platonic text on the earth is the Timaeus. Timaeus first deals with the earth when he is describing the formation of the worlds body out of the four elements. Besides the Timaeus, there is another authoritative Platonic text on the earth: the myth at the end of the Phaedo. In his short treatise on magic and sacred practices Proclus wonderfully explains what the theological implications are of this wonderful harmony between heaven and earth.

Keywords: earth; heaven; Phaedo; Platonic tradition; Proclus; Timaeus



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