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Myths And Epics

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Chapter Summary

The basic themes and structure of Lugalbanda I have been characterized by B. Alster in JCS 26 (1974) and in the Kramer Anniversary Volume (1976). Mythic and epic elements are conspicuously intermingled in Lugalbanda I. The ritual aspect is also extremely intriguing. If indeed the text offers an aetiology of meat-consumption, it is interesting that the highest figures of the pantheon are invoked to render the act acceptable. The final biblical revision of the law of meat consumption was promulgated by Deuteronomy, presumably in the context of the Josianic reform of the seventh century. If there is one common thread running through both Sumerian and Akkadian myths about the relationship between gods and men, it is that men were created to relieve the gods of the need to provide for their own food. This chapter offers old and new documentation and some recent discussions on the theme 'disturbing the dead'.

Keywords: Akkadian myths; Lugalbanda I; Sumerian epics; Sumerian myths



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