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Conclusion To Part II:The Reality Of ‘Civility’ Spurred by Religion

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Chapter Summary

An exploration of archival and printed sources reveals an assortment of moments when parishioners encouraged, negotiated or outright rejected spiritual values during the heat of conflict. The recognition that in some circumstances the use of violence was illegitimate, ineffective and sinful is a fundamental step in the 'civilizing process' for such recognition reveals that the shift in attitude toward extroverted behavior and violent agency, which Elias largely credited to humanism, was catalyzed earlier and more extensively by religious beliefs. Parishioners' beliefs about the necessity of charity, the propriety of self-restraint and the importance of respect for God and 'God's things' helped forge a negotiated sense of social discipline, still rough when compared to an ideal world of Christian fellowship, yet still remarkable when compared to the rough reality of late medieval life.

Keywords: Christian; civilizing process; God; Parishioners; violence



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