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Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Parallel Flags In An International Shipping Context

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the meaning of the expression "parallel flags", which is in the author's opinion a euphemistic one referring to the non-traditional national shipping registers. It presents the special problems connected to this peculiar kind of flag and arising under the Social Law of the European Union, on the one hand; and under the domestic legislation of at least seven Member States of the European Union (Denmark, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Italy, France and the United Kingdom), on the other hand. From the viewpoint of the advantages and disadvantages of these so-called "parallel flags", the chapter concludes by providing this kind of flag from the viewpoint of Social Law or Labour Law, since its existence represents advantages to only States and shipowners, in the framework of a real legal underworld for the workers employed in ships flying such colours.

Keywords: domestic legislation; European Union; Member States; parallel flags; shipowners; shipping registers; Social Law



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