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Peace-Building And The Role Of International Tribunals

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Chapter Summary

This chapter illustrates that independent from whether international tribunals will manage to catch the hearts of the population of wartorn countries, they will certainly have a major impact on peace-building at the institutional level. Both national and international justice can be crucial in the re-establishment and reconstruction of a state. The chapter focuses on international justice. It first looks at the differences characterising the creation and aims of the International Military Tribunal of Nuremberg (IMT) and the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) in the aftermath of World War II. It then examines the role played by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the implementation and enforcement of international law, thereby contributing to peace-building. Finally, it considers the special case of the Special Iraqi Tribunal and the Special Court for Sierra Leone.

Keywords: ICTY; IMTFE; international criminal court (ICC); international criminal tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR); international justice; international military tribunal of Nuremberg (IMT); international tribunals; peace-building; Special Court for Sierra Leone; Special Iraqi Tribunal



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