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The Holy Spirit In Gregory Nazianzen: The Pneumatology Of Oration 31

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Chapter Summary

One of the most exciting new developments in the study of early Christianity is the increased attention being paid to individual theologians in the full context of their own thought and of their intellectual and social millieux. Gregory Nazianzen begins his systematic treatment of the Holy Spirit in Orations 9-12, which he delivered at the time of his episcopal ordination in 372. This chapter seeks to bring out the central vein of Gregory's argument in Oration 31, with attention to Gregory's polemical, rhetorical, and constructive concerns, in the interest of contributing to a greater understanding of Gregory's larger theological endeavor. Finally, Gregory identifies the direct proof of the Spirit's divinity in a chain of reasoning that begins with the deification of Christians through baptism. Gregory's pneumatology had a rather tumultuous reception in the summer following his momentous fifth Theological Oration.

Keywords: early Christianity; Gregory Nazianzen; Gregory's pneumatology; holy spirit; Theological Oration



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