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Gog And Magog In Islamic Tradition

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Chapter Summary

The second source for any religion-related subject in Islam, after the Koran, is Tradition (hadith) where the theme of Gog and Magog and the barrier of Alexander the two-horned is well represented. The hadith shows the early Islamic thinking about the motif before and at the time of Sallam (9th c.). The best-known Sunni collections are the Six books or Six Sahihs. The largest and most authoritative of the Shi'i collections is the Bihar al-anwar (The seas of the lights), indeed une mer boire. The traditions in both Sunni and Shi'i collections have been formative for the ideas in Islam concerning Gog and Magog and the two-horned one. The early Islamic interpretation of Gog and Magog, found in both Sunni and Shi'i traditions, in Koran commentaries and in lexicographical and geographical works, was as it were summarized by al-Qazwini18 (d. 1283), a well-known Arab geographer and cosmographer.

Keywords: the two-horned one; Alexander; early Islamic interpretation; Gog and Magog; Koran commentaries; Shi'i collections; Sunni collections

10.1163/ej.9789004174160.i-280.29
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004174160.i-280.29
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