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The General Harbord Commission And The American Mandate Question

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Chapter Summary

General Harbord was appointed chairman of the second of the two American missions to inquire about the possibility of an American mandate in the Near East and Transcaucasia. The General Harbord Commission, officially named "The American Military Mission to Armenia," was sent out at President Wilson's direction to examine the mandate question from the point of view of American interests and responsibilities. The mission was to focus on, as Harbord wrote, "Armenian vilayets of Turkey and Russian Armenia" and observe whether Turks were massing troops in that region. The entire tour of the Commission was to last one month. Information collected during this extensive tour constituted the data for a report which was highly influential in the determination of United States policy in the Near East. The report contained important references to the Harbord-Mustafa Kemal Pasha meeting in Sivas on September 21, 1919.

Keywords: American mandate; General Harbord Commission; Mustafa Kemal Pasha; Sivas



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