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By Shades Of Diplomatic Recognition: American Encounters With Turkey (1923–1937)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter addresses the end of the First World War and the interwar years when diplomatic relations were restored between Turkey and the United States. Diplomatic recognition is identified as an act by which one state acknowledges the legitimacy of another, thereby expressing its intent to bring into force the legal consequences of recognition. The chapter then accounts for the conjuncture, processes as well as stages, until Washington accorded diplomatic reciprocity to Turkey. It explores the diplomatic conduct of two significant personae who helped to shape the future relations between Turkey and the United States; High Commissioner Admiral Mark Lambert Bristol, and a career diplomat Joseph C. Grew, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. The chapter also probes the oft spoken American isolationism for the purpose of aligning political rhetoric with reality.

Keywords: diplomatic recognition; First World War; Joseph C. Grew; Mark Lambert Bristol; Turkey; United States



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