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Chapter Summary

Although wartime and post-war anti-Turkish propaganda flourished in the United States of America, American policymakers made a distinction between the "new Turks" and the "old Turks." This approach may be construed as pragmatic foreign policy on the part of Washington, but Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his colleagues, military as well as civilian, were definitely made of different mettle from that of the previous ruling elite, the Committee for Union and Progress (CUP) leaders. Towards the end of the 19th century, the U.S. had two consulates general in the Ottoman Empire, one in Constantinople and the other in Cairo. Building up and enhancing relations with the U.S.A. was part and parcel of Atatürk's diplomacy to strike a balance in Ankara's Euro-Atlantic relations. This pattern underlies Turkey's foreign policy pattern to this day, however overlooked.

Keywords: Atatürk; Euro-Atlantic relations; Turkey; United States of America



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