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[On The Five] Greatnesses Which Have [Come] Out Against The Darkness

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Chapter Summary

According to this chapter, the entire series of mythical emanations are presented according to a five-stage schema. The "First Greatness" is presented as the Father of Greatness, who has a "solitary existence" (1Ke 49.17) in the realm of light. The "Second Greatness" is made up of the Mother of Life, First Man, and the Five Sons of First Man (1Ke 49.19-23). The "Third Greatness," in turn, contains the Beloved of Lights, Great Builder, and the Living Spirit, along with the Five Sons of the Living Spirit (1Ke 49.23-25). The "Fourth Greatness" is described as the Third Messenger, the Column of Glory, and "all the powers of light who are revealed from him (1Ke 49.26-28). Finally, the "Fifth Greatness" is constituted by Jesus the Splendour and "all his powers" (1Ke 49.29-31). Five figures appear as a series of five "advents", with the "advent" of each agent assigned to a particular metaphor.

Keywords:column of glory; five advents; five greatnesses; Jesus the splendour; living spirit; Manichaean Kephalaia; third messenger



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