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Alexander And Rome

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Chapter Summary

The author discusses the reign of Alexander and his relationship with the Roman empire. It took a long time before Alexander's greatness really came home to the Romans, although they were the people who gave him the epithet 'the Great'. The earliest record of Alexander is in Plautus' Mostellaria, where the slave Tranio brackets him with Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse. Beyond doubt is the fact that a heated discussion took place as to whether the Romans would also have been able to stop Alexander had he marched against the West. Velleius and Appianus list a number of similarities between the Caesar and Alexander, and a number of remarkable parallels with regard to their achievements in war. The attitude of Augustus towards Alexander is ambivalent. Alexander remains emphatically present well into Late Antiquity as a programmatic summary of the desire to conquer and the ambition to rule the world.

Keywords: Alexander; Augustus; Caesar; Roman empire



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