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The Project Of Enlightenment In Islamic-Arabic Culture

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Chapter Summary

Al-Ghazālī, who was himself a theologian and one of the mutakallimūn, addresses a dilemma that worried rationalists and philosophers in medieval Islam. Al-Ghazālī's position is symptomatic of most rationalist thinkers under Islam-Muslim and non-Muslim alike. Falsafa- the Arabic transliteration of the Greek philosophía-was an outcome of the translation of Greek philosophical and scientific literature into Arabic during the eighth and ninth centuries. This chapter concludes by saying that in the author opinion there are two possible ways medieval philosophers such as Maimonides can be connected to the intellectual endeavor of the Enlightenment: through their efforts at limiting the sources of knowledge to two: reason and revelation, and thus restricting the authority of religious tradition and its bearers and there is an indirect connection between Maimonides and the Enlightenment of the kind the author outlined in his last comparison.

Keywords: mutakallimūn; Al-Ghazālī; Arab; Islam; Maimonides; religious enlightenment



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