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VIII. Regionalisation, Federalisation, Or Union With Confirmation Of Territorial Unity

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Chapter Summary

Recent practice has offered a number of solutions going beyond autonomy. These range from loose confederations or state unions to full or symmetrical federal solutions. It should be noted that some of these, however, have been subjected to possible dissolution through self-determination clauses. This includes the very complex structure of Sudan in the wake of its three settlements (South, East and projected settlement for the West); Bougainville, which enjoys an asymmetrical federal status for at least 10 years; the abortive 1996-1997 settlement of Chechnya; and the now defunct State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. These and some others are addressed in this chapter. The example of Nagorno-Karabakh, together with the proposed Cyprus settlement, shows how far international actors and agencies are willing to go in order to retain, nominally, the doctrine of territorial unity of states.

Keywords: Bougainville; Chechnya; Cyprus; federalisation; Nagorno-Karabakh; Serbia; state unions; Sudan; territorial unity



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