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XI. Conditional Self-Determination

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Chapter Summary

The technique of addressing the self-determination dimension is conditionality. There can be external and internal conditionality. An example of external conditionality is provided by the Gagauzia Autonomy Statute, to which reference has already been made above. Localities in which (ethnic) Gagauzes constitute less than 50 percent of the population may be included in the autonomous territorial unit "on the basis of the freely expressed will of a majority of the electorate revealed during a local referendum". Internal conditionality is particularly pronounced in the case of the Bougainville settlement. The requirement of 'good governance' in particular appears to be a rather open criterion. In such circumstances, the question of assessment of the achievement of the agreed standards therefore becomes a crucial issue. In other cases, an interim period may be provided for with the aim of testing the desire for independence or of preparing for it.

Keywords: Bougainville settlement; Gagauzia Autonomy Statute; internal conditionality; self-determination

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