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XIII. Establishing A De Facto State Through An International Process

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Chapter Summary

During the first round of discussions held in Geneva, Russia insisted on the presence of Abkhasia and South Ossetia as independent states. It refused discussions on status following its own recognition of both entities as states. A more complex example of creating an effective entity without pronouncing oneself on its status is furnished by the Ahtisaari negotiations on the future status of Kosovo. In contrast to the 1999 Rambouillet document on Kosovo and Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) establishing the UN mandate for Kosovo, the proposal assiduously avoided references to the territorial integrity and unity of Serbia. According to UNMIK Regulation No. 1, adopted pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999), "[a]ll legislative and executive authority with respect to Kosovo, including the administration of the judiciary, is vested in UNMIK".

Keywords: Ahtisaari; Geneva; Kosovo; Russia; Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999); South Ossetia; UNMIK



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