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Augustinus Sanior Interpres Apostoli. Thomas Stapleton And The Louvain Augustinian School’s Reception Of Paul

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Chapter Summary

In 1546, an important initiative in the field of Bible commentary and, insofar as we can use this word in a 16th century context, biblical exegesis, was taken in Louvain. As such, Baius is mainly known for his radically Augustinian doctrine of grace and salvation, which eventually earned him a papal condemnation in 1567. A contemporary of Hessels and Baius was Cornelius Jansenius, titled 'of Ghent' (†1576). After Baius' death, the royal chair of Sacred Scriptures was entrusted to Thomas Stapleton (1535-1598). To illustrate Stapleton's approach, this chapter considers how he treats the fall of Adam and its consequences for mankind in his Antidota to the Epistle of Paul to the Romans. All descendants of Adam are born burdened with guilt, as a consequence of Adam's sin, since all humanity share the same human nature.

Keywords: Adam; Augustinian; Bible commentary; Cornelius Jansenius; Louvain; Paul; Romans; Sacred Scriptures; Thomas Stapleton



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