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The Adjudication Of Private Disputes: The “Royal Judges” Decision Records And Other Texts

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Chapter Summary

The term for a "case" or "lawsuit" is dīnu. The clearest evidence for this definition comes from the endings of several "Royal Judges" style decision records, in which the names of the judges are introduced with the formula ina EŠ.BAR dīni šuāti ("at the decision of this case"). In order to learn more about the initial stages of the case in the Neo- Babylonian period, one must turn to the opening lines of decision records. The typological discussion identified two "Royal Judges" styles. Comparison between "Royal Judges style A" and "Royal Judges style B" demonstrated that the main difference between the two occurs in the opening lines, in which the case is initially presented. In the "Royal Judges" style texts, the verb šemû ("to hear"), with the judges as its subject, refers to the "hearing" of oral statements.

Keywords: šemû; dīnu; Neo- Babylonian period; Royal Judges style decision records



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