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Babylonian Archaeologists Of The(Ir) Mesopotamian Past

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Chapter Summary

For late 20th century archaeologists of our era, excavations are expected to yield evidence of ancient systems of cognition through patterns of behavior manifest by material culture: architecture, artifacts and texts. So too the Babylonians. In the vast majority of the Neo-Babylonian archaeological enterprises, the main object of the search was stated to be the foundations of a previous temple, long since fallen into ruin; and the ultimate strategy of recovery included first rebuilding, and then restoration of the old cult. One of the most interesting aspects of these discoveries is that the Neo-Babylonian rulers refer not only to the wall foundations but also to the royal foundation deposits of these earlier constructions-as Nabopolassar seems to have recorded for the wall in Babylon and as Nabonidus recorded that Nebuchadnezzar had found at Sippar belonging to the Middle Babylonian ruler Burnaburiash.

Keywords: Babylonian archaeologists; Burnaburiash; Nabopolassar; Nebuchadnezzar



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