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Onsite Commemorations Of The Battle Of Actium

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Chapter Summary

After his victories at Actium and Alexandria, Octavian built commemorative cities at each site and each with the name Nicopolis. The city in Egypt exists today only in the ancient evidence, whereas the city at Actium and its monuments partly survive and are also mentioned more frequently in the sources. Dio 51.18.1 is our main evidence for the relationship of Octavian's two victory cities. Actium had an old temple to Apollo, but after the battle of Actium the god became the patron god of the new victory city. The monument at Actium was built to commemorate the victory against Antonius and Cleopatra, at the same time stressing the peace that the regime hoped would follow on from the wars.

Keywords: Alexandria; Apollo; Battle of Actium; Octavian



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