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Waiting For Caesar

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Chapter Summary

Honours were an important part of the Roman state, and more so during the triumvirate and the Principate. This chapter focuses on the honours that sought to establish permanent commemorations of the victories at Actium and Alexandria through festivals. The birthday of Caesar had been celebrated in public and the 4th Eclogue of Virgil. The anniversaries of both battles were made feriae: 2nd September for Actium and 1st August for Alexandria, and in addition Octavian's own birthday, 23rd September, was declared feriae in honour of the Actium victory. According to Dio the 'damnatio memoriae' of Antonius took place before his death, after the battle of Actium. The temple of Janus is used in the Augustan era to mark phases of peace/pacification. The triple triumph of Octavian was held on 13th to 15th August 29 BC.

Keywords: Actium; Alexandria; Caesar; Dio; Octavian



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