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The Triumvirate

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Chapter Summary

The central nexus of pax, civil war and Apollo already formed a vital part in the ideological justifications of the young Octavian during the period from the death of Caesar down to Naulochus in 36 BC. These justifications later had implications for the war at Actium and Alexandria, as well as the settlement of 28-27 BC. The triumvirate was the cornerstone of this justification, a factor that has been neglected by scholars. The triumvirs' first 5-year term was certainly adequate for the initial assignment of the punishment of the assassins and ending of the civil war against them, which was in fact completed well before the term was up. According to Octavian the victory over Sextus Pompeius symbolised the ending of the civil war and thus the accomplishment of the triumviral assignment.

Keywords: Octavian; Sextus Pompeius; triumvirate



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