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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses bulk commodities, specifically shipbuilding timber and grain. Wood was one of the primary components of Greek material culture, comparable in importance to iron and copper. The importance of naval warfare in the Greek world adds another dimension to the discussion, since the supply of timber and the construction of warships played a pivotal role in the balance of power, particularly in the eastern Mediterranean. Grain, on the other hand, was the main staple food of the Greeks throughout antiquity. For many poleis, it was the major bulk commodity in their ports and markets and its supply a governmental concern, either regularly or under circumstances of crisis.

Keywords: grain; Greek world; Mediterranean trading lanes; shipbuilding timber



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