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Integration Tests In Germany. A Communitarian Approach?

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Chapter Summary

In the years between 2005 and 2008 Germany introduced three new integration tests: one for family migrants as a condition for reunification, one as a condition for permanent residence and one as a condition for citizenship. Germany was the first EU Member State to introduce language tests in the country of origin as a precondition for immigration because, in 1997, language tests were made compulsory for ethnic German immigrants from Central and Eastern Europe. This chapter summarises why and under what circumstances the various German integration requirements have been introduced. It presents their legal framework and, finally, their content in detail. The few existing evaluations and statistics about the functioning of these integration requirements and tests are presented in order to discuss what the added value of these measures is, why they have been created and in accordance with which approach: libertarian, liberal, republican or communitarian approach.

Keywords: communitarian approach; condition for citizenship; EU member state; family reunification; German citizenship law; immigration; integration tests; language tests; permanent residence



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