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The Suffix Conjugation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the functions of the most frequently attested verbal conjugation in the Aramaic of Daniel, the suffix conjugation. It uses the labels "suffix conjugation" and "prefix conjugation" instead of the more common "Perfect" and "Imperfect", in order to avoid confusion between names of the verbal forms and names of spectual/temporal functions. It is common knowledge that the West Semitic suffix conjugation developed from an early Semitic verbal adjective. Kautzsch described the basic function of the suffix conjugation as expression of completed actions, i.e., it is an atemporal perfective. Bauer and Leander listed its functions as resultative perfect, historical perfect, and pluperfect.

Keywords: Aramaic of Daniel; Kautzsch; suffix conjugation; verbal system

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