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The Active Participle

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Chapter Summary

The active participle in the Aramaic of the biblical book of Daniel has a wide range of functions, ranging from an aspectual progressive to an allegedly aspectless simple past, making it one of the most intriguing elements of the verbal system of this form of Aramaic. Since participles are verbal nouns, it is no surprise that they have nominal as well as verbal functions. In 20 instances, an active participle functions substantivally, i.e., as if it were a noun. Turning to verbal uses of the active participle, many instances involve verbs of speaking, generally introducing direct speech. Of these, 55 instances belong to a special category because of their formulaic nature. Aside from occurrences in formulaic expressions introducing direct speech, there are 87 remaining instances of active participles functioning verbally without הוה or איתי . The majority of these could be analyzed as having some type of imperfective function.

Keywords: active participle; Aramaic of Daniel; verbal system



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