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The Imperative

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Chapter Summary

The imperative is a volitional mood of 2nd person affirmative clauses. Bauer and Leander listed the following as its functions: command, wish in salutation to a king, and in a modal sense. There are 26 instances of imperatives in the Aramaic of Daniel. The most frequent use of the imperative is in directives, such as giving commands or permission. There are at least 2 instances of the imperative used as a permissive directive. That is, it is used not to issue a direct command, but to express permission. Absent contextual indications to the contrary, one can assume that when an imperative is addressed to a superior, such as a king, it is a request rather than a command.

Keywords: Aramaic of Daniel; Bauer; imperative; Leander

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