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The Desecration Of “The Most Holy Temple Of All Theworld” In The “Holy Land”: Early Jewish And Early Christian Recollections Of Antiochus’ “Abomination Of Desolation”

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Chapter Summary

The interest in the concept of land in the Jewish Scriptures is an important feature of Ed Noort's research, and was the topic of his inaugural lecture at the University of Groningen in 1993. Various passages in the Jewish Scriptures state, both implicitly and explicitly, that the land of Israel is holy. According to one particular perspective, the land is holy, with at its heart "the most holy temple of all the world". This chapter relates how this holy place was pillaged by the Hellenistic-Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes and polluted at his command. It addresses the question of whether, and in what way Antiochus' installation of the abomination of desolation was remembered in early Jewish and early Christian literature. The focus of the chapter, however, is those ancient Jews and early Christians who continued to relate the Danielic "abomination of desolation" to the figure of Antiochus IV.

Keywords: abomination of desolation; Antiochus IV; early Christian literature; holy temple; Jewish scriptures



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