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Rural Reconstruction, The Nation-State And China's Modernity Problem: Reflections On Liang Shuming's Rural Reconstruction Theory And Its Practice

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Chapter Summary

Rural reconstruction has once again become a topic of theory and practice in contemporary China. The three rural reconstruction movements led by James Yen, Liang Shuming, and Mao Zedong are the most representative of their type. The relationship between the regime and the countryside during the process of modernization is the crux of today's sannong problem. Because of this, Liang Shuming's theory and practice provide us with a unique precious viewpoint from which to reconsider the relationship between class, political party, and state in twenty-first century China. One important premise behind Liang Shuming's commitment to the rural movement was the failure and impossibility of national industry. Under historical conditions in which state power could not be established, Liang hoped to realize the state and its industrialization through the industrialization of agriculture.

Keywords: industrialization; Liang Shuming's theory; rural modernization; rural reconstruction; sannong problem; twenty-first century China



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