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Why Did The Cultural Revolution End?

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Chapter Summary

The new trend of thinking adopted democracy, liberty, law, humanity, and social justice as its core values. It manifested as "rebellious form," "estranged form," and "successive form" as soft resistance to the Cultural Revolution. The majority also grew increasingly distant from and suspicious of the Cultural Revolution, because it interfered with their individual life desires. The rebellious spirit and the egalitarian objective retained their legitimacy. The large-character posters and other methods used to criticize and denounce obtained legal protection, and the "countercurrent" spirit received political encouragement. It contained no democracy, or at least no real democracy, since all rebellion was conducted in accordance with the central government's "strategic deployment". If the Cultural Revolution is completely dismissed merely out of intellectual sloth and the events of that decade blindly avoided, banned, and cursed without any discussion, then a polarized kind of demonized and mythological narrative will create confusion and hidden dangers.

Keywords: cultural revolution; democracy; rebellious form; successive form

10.1163/ej.9789004175167.i-447.59
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