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The Influence Of China’s Cultural Tradition Of Revolution On Reform-Period Conceptions Of Modernity

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Chapter Summary

Since the May Fourth movement, China's distinct path toward modernization has been based not on its particular cultural and institutional system, but rather on the particular national road leading to, through national revolution guided by Marxism and Leninism, the liberation of backward nations and a movement toward socialism. Its revolutionary course and direction of construction long ago deviated from the Soviet model. China's revolutionary tradition is characterized by lawless mass movements produced from the merger of the native tradition of peasant insurgencies with anarchist ideas imported during the May Fourth movement. The people no longer face struggles between China and the West, or the traditional battle between socialism and capitalism. Regardless of whether Deng Xiaoping's successors manage to find this kind of model, the socialist ideals of China's revolutionary tradition undeniably still remain central to the conception of modernity in the reform era.

Keywords: capitalism; China; cultural tradition; Deng Xiaoping; May Fourth movement; socialism; Soviet Model



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