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Comments On Gong Yuzhi's “A Unique Transcendence” And Roderick Macfarquhar's “The Impact Of The Cultural Revolution On Reform-Era Political Culture”

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Chapter Summary

Roderick MacFarquhar is the most influential Cultural Revolution specialist of the academic world outside of China. First, in the sense of opposing the bureaucracy and existing knowledge and production systems, it means an overturning of modernity by utopian romanticism. It means the self destruction of certain accomplishments of the revolution, namely the party and state system as well as the cadre and cultural elite. Despite its enormous cost, altered the lives of one or two generations and provided strength for later innovation in China. Gong and MacFarquhar reach different conclusions, but are able to begin their examinations from China's internal situation, recognize the weight of &t;Chinese characteristics,&t; and understand why the &t;socialist market economy&t; is an issue in contemporary China, yet not an issue in other developing or developed countries. Capitalism cannot solve the problems of China, nor can it solve the problems of the world.

Keywords: Capitalism; China; Cultural Revolution; Gong Yuzhi; Roderick MacFarquhar



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