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Temple And Righteousness In Qumran And Early Christianity: Tracing The Social Difference Between The Two Movements

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Chapter Summary

Since the beginning of the study of the religious and so-called sectarian texts discovered in the caves near Wadi Qumran, scholars have compared them with the New Testament texts. This chapter studies the social ethos of these two movements, as portrayed in their own writings. In order to examine their approaches towards the surrounding world of those who were non-Qumranic or non-Christian, the chapter discusses their attitudes towards the system of Temple-priest-sacrifices on the one hand, and towards people outside the group who were still nonbelievers or sinners, on the other hand. Due to the vast number of relevant sources that might serve as a basis for comparison, and the fact that most of them require some interpretation, the chapter focuses only on a few selected texts. The chapter presents brief overview of the main conceptions that shaped the social formation of the Qumranites and various groups of early Christians.

Keywords: early Christians; New Testament texts; Qumran sectarians; temple cult



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