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Recent Perspectives On Johannine Dualism And Its Background

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Chapter Summary

Of all the links that scholars have proposed between Qumran and the New Testament, the idea of a close relation between the Scrolls and the Johannine literature is one of the earliest suggestions and certainly one of the most debated ones. Scholars tried to utilize the Qumran calendar to bridge the gap between the Synoptic and Johannine chronologies of Jesus' death, or speculated about the identity of the Beloved Disciple as an Essene priest who had hosted the Last Supper for the Jesus group in the Essene Quarter in Jerusalem. It was often suggested that the Evangelist himself was a former member of the Essene sect. This chapter presents a critical survey of the earlier comparisons and gives some reasons for a revision of the overall picture. It then adds a brief analysis of the dualistic elements in the Johannine literature together with some reflections on their possible background.

Keywords: dualistic elements; Jesus; Johannine literature; Qumran calendar



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