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Divorce, Reproof, And Other Sayings In The Synoptic Gospels: Jesus Traditions In The Context Of Qumranic And Other Texts

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with two sayings attributed to Jesus in the synoptic Gospels that are related, in different ways, to the Qumran scrolls. The first one is assumed to be "authentic," the second a "Matthean" elaboration of a saying. In each of them the chapter shows the need for a panoramic view to interpret the sources correctly. The first part of the chapter shows that texts from Qumran shed light on the ideological and exegetical premises of Jesus' saying concerning divorce, as well as its wording; the Qumranic element should not be studied in isolation from other texts, e.g., Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, rabbinic and Samaritan texts. In the second part, although "Qumranic" passages are the closest parallels to reproof as described in Matthew, rabbinic sources are also essential to understanding the Matthean procedure. On the other hand, the Gospel passages are important for the study of Qumranic and rabbinic sources.

Keywords: divorce; Jesus; Matthean procedure; Qumran scrolls; rabbinic sources; reproof; synoptic Gospels



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