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Exegetical Patterns Common To The Dead Sea Scrolls And The New Testament, And Their Implications

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on a different exegetical problem, addressed in several places in the New Testament, as well as in Damascus Document (CD-A 4:15-5:2): teasing out the proper attitude to marriage and divorce in the context of the eschatological outlooks reflected in these texts. It attempts to distinguish between the characteristic features of either Qumran or nascent Christian exegesis, on the one hand, and the exegetical patterns common to a variety of Second Temple Jewish groups, on the other. To that end, relevant instances of early rabbinic exegesis are taken into consideration. Investigation of Paul's epistles has turned out to be useful for elucidating the meaning of the CD's marital halakhah, while the combined evidence of the epistles and the Gospels may be helpful in clarifying the nature of CD's eschatological stance and/or the identity of the opponents against whom the CD exegesis polemicizes.

Keywords: Damascus Document; divorce; eschatological stance; exegetical patterns; marital halakhah; New Testament; Qumran exegesis; Second Temple Jewish groups



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