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Melchizedek: A Model For The Union Of Kingship And Priesthood In The Hebrew Bible, 11 Qmelchizedek, And The Epistle To The Hebrews

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Chapter Summary

The title Messiah and the verbs connected with it appear in different contexts within different parts of the Hebrew Bible. In the Torah the term משיח is applied to the High Priest. According to the Torah, the only legitimate example of the combination of priesthood and kingship in the same person is to be found outside the people of Israel: Melchizedek, the Canaanite king of Shalem/Jerusalem, was at the same time a priest of God Most High (Gen 14:18). The Melchizedek pesher found in Qumran Cave 11 is a very complex piece of writing. It does not relate to a single biblical text, but rather comments on a variety of texts from different parts of the Bible. In the figure of Melchizedek in Hebrews, as in 11QMelchizedek, we see the new combination of an eschatological King and High Priest, who is at the same time the redeemer of his people.

Keywords: 11QMelchizedek; Hebrew Bible; kingship; Messiah; priesthood



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