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Demonology In The Dead Sea Scrolls And The New Testament

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an analysis of demonology in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament. The four texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls, 11QPsApa, 1QGenesis Apocryphon, Plea of Deliverance and 4Q560, show the great diversity of the activities of (evil) spirits and demons in human beings. They inflict suffering, lead one to sin, and threaten life in every respect. The worldview we encounter in these texts is best illustrated by New Testament demonology. The New Testament and the Dead Sea Scrolls share the notion that human beings are threatened by devastating powers not under their control. This situation is described as an aspect of a dualistic worldview comprising cosmology and anthropology and using demonology to explain and to solve this problem of powerlessness.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; demonology; New Testament



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