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A Messiah In Heaven? A Re-Evaluation Of Jewish And Christian Apocalyptic Traditions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with an attempt to reconstruct an apocalyptic work from the first century CE. It then compares the nature of the messianic expectations found in this reconstructed text to messianic expectations at Qumran. The author hopes through this study to identify some features of Jewish messianism common to both, and makes a contribution to the larger question of the nature of Jewish messianic hopes from the first century BCE to the first century CE. Notwithstanding the variety of sources and messianic conceptions discussed in the chapter we find among them no expectation of the death and resurrection of any Messiah-neither at Qumran, nor in the Oracle of Hystaspes, nor in fragments or books from outside the Community. It seems to me that the extant sources lead to the conclusion that Jesus' death was an unexpected event, which neither Jesus nor his followers either predicted or hoped for.

Keywords: apocalyptic work; Jesus; Messiah; Oracle of Hystaspes; Qumran

10.1163/ej.9789004175242.i-326.64
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004175242.i-326.64
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