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Case II: Iran

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Chapter Summary

Iran's nuclear program was inherited from the Shah. He had decided that Iran must acquire nuclear energy. Encouraged by Western countries, he spent around 4 billion dollars to achieve this objective. The pursuit of nuclear energy was effectively suspended after the revolution. But, after the end of the Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988), Iran began to seek external assistance to complete the construction of the Bushehr nuclear reactor, which had been damaged twice by Iraqi air raids during the war. The new Khomeini Government terminated the French and German contracts supporting the program. This chapter discusses the Iran's obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). It also discusses the Iran's obligations under its safeguards Agreement and the work of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to ensure the Iranian compliance to its obligations. Finally, the chapter describes the Iran's Nuclear Programme in the Security Council (SC).

Keywords: Bushehr nuclear reactor; International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Iran's nuclear program; Khomeini government; NPT; nuclear energy



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