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Contrasting Ways Of Life: Romanian Agriculturists And Turkic Pastoralists

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Chapter Summary

One of the main features in the history of the outer-Carpathian region at the turn of the second millennium was undoubtedly the interaction between Romanians and Turkic nomads. This chapter pinpoints the interactions between various ethnic groups in the outer-Carpathian region during the Middle Ages. In the economic structure of the Romanian communities two traditional occupations prevailed during the tenth to thirteenth centuries: agriculture and stock breeding. Given the favourable environment, this economic profile was sufficient for subsistence and could occasionally produce a surplus for exchange. Between the tenth and the thirteenth century, agriculture played only a secondary role in the pastoralist economy of the Turkic tribes, as their way of life did not allow them to take care for cultivated fields. The second important occupation of the local communities, animal husbandry, also has old roots in the whole Carpathian-Danube area.

Keywords: agriculture; animal husbandry; economic structure; ethnic groups; outer-Carpathian region; Romanian communities; stock breeding; Turkic pastoralists



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