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Contacts And Interactions Between Romanians And Turkic Nomads

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Chapter Summary

The medieval ethnic and political structures in the Lower Danube area have attracted the attention of many specialists during the last few decades. The peculiar aspects of the Romanian-Turkic contacts are best illustrated by medieval place names and onomastics, as well as by old Turkic loans in Romanian. Unlike the Romanians, Hungarians in both Transylvania and Hungary employed the Hungarian word for Cuman (Kun) as a name. Beginning with the fourteenth century, that name appears frequently occured in written sources. As a result of the lasting contacts between natives and nomad, many common words were adopted by speakers of Romanian from the Turkic idioms spoken by Pechenegs and Cumans. Contacts between Turkic nomads and Romanians during the long period of the former's control of the Carpathian-Dniester region were not restricted to language.

Keywords: Cumans; Hungarians in; Lower Danube area; Pechenegs; Romanians; Transylvania; Turkic Nomads



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