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Mao And The Swedish United Front Against USA

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a case study of Maoism in Sweden in the 1960s. It describes what happened when China, with money, propaganda, political schooling and "techniques of hospitality," won over a number of promising Swedish individuals to the Chinese side in its conflict with the two superpowers. International political developments, Chinese foreign policy and the rise of Maoism in Sweden were all closely connected. The major task for the Swedish Maoists was not to work for a Marxist revolution in Sweden. Their main goal was to build popular opinion against the USA. It was internal and geopolitical Chinese interests that put this whole chain of events into motion, and in the end, although the Swedish Maoists lost, China got what it wanted. In this wealthy capitalist welfare state with socialist elements, a "third way" was forged that appealed to intellectuals and politicians in both the Western and Soviet-dominated blocs.

Keywords: China; Mao; Maoism; Marxist revolution; Soviet Union; Swedish Maoists; USA

10.1163/ej.9789004175372.i-270.46
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