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The Politics Of Education In The Colonial Period I: Schools

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows the development of education in Zanzibar was characterized by fierce competition between different types of schools and their respective 'philosophies': the mission schools, the Indian schools, the government schools and the Qurʾānic schools. The mission schools, which offered a Christian educational programme, soon lost out in a social context in which Christianity represented a foreign and colonial episteme. The Indian schools, in contrast, were extremely successful and continued to exist until the end of the colonial period because they offered a highly specialized programme for a specific segment of Zanzibar's population. The government schools’ programme of ‘marketable skills’ as defined by the British colonial administration was at the same time rejected by a majority of (non-Indian) parents in Zanzibar who preferred to send their children to the established Qurʾānic schools which taught ‘social skills’.

Keywords: British colonial administration; government schools; Indian schools; mission schools; Qurʾānic schools; Zanzibar



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