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Unlocking The Venetian Market: Changing Trade Relations In The 1590s

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Chapter Summary

Venice had instituted regular shipping and trade with northern Europe from the beginning of the fourteenth century, when an annual convoy of Venetian galleys was sent to Bruges and London. Venice continually required a large and steady supply of grain for its inhabitants and as provision for its navy, but the year 1590, its grain stocks were running dangerously low. In the sixteenth century the growing demand of the expanding city of Istanbul and the deterioration of Venetian-Ottoman relations made it exceedingly difficult to import Ottoman cereals. Although the import of grain at first had been mainly organized to feed the Netherlandish population, after the second quarter of the sixteenth century, re-export to other countries, such as Spain, Portugal, and France grew in importance. In the early 1590s, Netherlandish ships carrying Baltic grain first started to reach the Mediterranean.

Keywords: Baltic grain; London; Netherlandish population; Ottoman Empire; Venetian market



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