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Fundamentals Of The Universal Declaration'S Human Rights Protection

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Chapter Summary

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) recognizes the rights of the child before as well as after birth and, since it was adopted by a resolution of the General Assembly, the principles contained therein are considered now to be legally binding on States both as customary international law and as fundamental principles of humanity as originally formulated. The Universal Declaration is a specification of the human rights recognized in the 'Charter of the United Nations'. The Universal Declaration originally and ultimately derives its authority from the legal standing of this international Charter. Recognition by the Universal Declaration that the child before as well as after birth has a human rights entitlement to special safeguards and care, including legal protection, holds grave implications today for how member nations of the international community are to treat these smallest members of the human family.

Keywords: birth; Charter of the United Nations; child; fundamental principlesof humanity; human family; Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)



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