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Hervaeus Natalis On Intentionality: Its Direction And Some Aftermath

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Chapter Summary

In the Middle Ages: from the Latin Avicenna on, the term "intentio" can be found throughout the thirteenth century. The actual word, "intentionalitas", surprisingly appears first only in the fourteenth-century writing of Hervaeus Natalis. A bigger surprise is that Brentano in one place actually mentioned Hervaeus and listed three of his works. But the biggest surprise of all was to discover that for Hervaeus the direction of intentionality as such was not from knower to known but rather opposite wise-from known to knower! This chapter aims to sharpen that discovery as well as to touch on some of its wider Wirkungsgeschichte. In addition to his Sentences commentary, Hervaeus authored other works and engaged in various controversies resulting in polemical writings, especially some directed against Durandus of St.-Pourçain. The work most relevant for this chapter is Hervaeus's Treatise on Second Intentions, thought to have been composed between 1307 and 1316.

Keywords: Durandus of St.-Pourçain; Franz Brentano; Hervaeus Natalis; intentionality; knower; Latin Avicenna; polemical writings; Treatise on Second Intentions



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